Revisiting the learning approaches in psychology

von Dominik Grudzien und Karina De Santis

Two studies were conducted to explore the learning approaches depending on the previous experience with studying (1st time student vs. studied before) in two different cohorts of Bachelor of Psychology students at the University of Bremen. The responses from 152 students suggest that they prefer the deep and the strategic learning approaches over surface learning. However, learning approaches depend on experience with studying according to the interviews with six students. The 1st time students report difficulties with relating the material to other modules and tend to learn strategically for assessment and future career. In contrast, the students who have studied before wish to gain more practical skills, learn by reflecting and connecting the new concepts with their previous knowledge, and manage their time effectively by starting to learn already in class. University instructors may need to consider such potential differences in learning approaches by utilising teaching methods that improve the satisfaction with learning in all students regardless of their previous experience with studying.